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Web 2.0 Formatting Examples:

1) Plurk

2) Facebook Chat

I. History

I.2 Development

Crocodoc was created within the early months of 2010 by four graduates of MIT, Ryan, Peter, Bennett, and Matt. who were also the creators of the WebNotes applications.  Webnotes is a basic system that allows people from around the world to share, gather, and organize information online.  The Crocodoc team took this thought a step further and allowed more than just WebPages and PDFs to be viewed and shared. (

The creators are based in the Silicon Valley and Boston, where they decided to create an easier way to share and edit documents, opposed to sending e-mails and attachments.    Crocodoc allows the user to upload Word Documents, PowerPoint presentation, and PDFs onto the Internet, where they can then share these documents with anyone by simply sending the designated person a URL. While on Crocodoc, the files will be protected and securely stored.  (

I.2 How it Works

Crocodoc allows multiple people to revise the same document without the hassle of sending multiple e-mails.  Also, since everyone receives and edits the same document, once the file is reviewed for the creator, they only need to revise the document once, instead of multiple times when using the e-mail method. (

Crocodoc is very easy to use. The site allows you to upload documents from your personal computer, or uploaded an existing webpage onto their site to edit as well.  There are many tools on Crocodoc to revise and edit documents such as being able to strikeout text, add text, draw lines or circles on the document, highlight text, and add sticky note comments. Controlling these commands are very simple. Sharing your documents for peer reviews are also very easy, all it takes is just sending the URL to your reader; then they can also edit your document. Crocodoc also always views to download the original document for printing and hand editing purposes. ( Not only does Crocodoc make it easier to pass documents back and forth, it takes online documents to the next level and allows you to make revisions right on the paper (

To use Crocodoc, you have several options in the beginning.  To use the most basic features you do not even need to create an account. If you would prefer to have your document password protected, you can create an account for free, or Pro account which costs $36 per year. (

II. How Crocodoc Relates to other Applications

There are many programs that are similar to Crocodoc, but overall, Crocodoc is more user friendly and offers as much as its competitors. This simple web app allows you to upload PDFs, Word documents and PowerPoint presentations, and then mark them up with a few efficient tools: a highlighter, strikeout, red text and even sticky notes. (

Microsoft Office can be used with the notes function, but the efficiency and ease of use is not as simple as Crocodoc. These are also limited to Microsoft office, which limits who can see the documents. (

 Adobe's Acrobat Pro program offers almost all of the same features that Crocodoc does. The main, and most important difference, is that Adobe's Acrobat Pro costs roughly $400 and some packages up to $500, in comparison to the same applications that can be used for free through Crocodoc. The Adobe programs also only work with PDFs, again limiting the document types that can be shared between people. (

Unlike other document editing websites, Crocodoc can be used by anyone whether you have an account or not. When signing up for an account, you can sign up for the free and basic account or the Pro account which costs $36 yearly and has added security protection on documents, which many other sites do not offer. (

Crocodoc is free, although it also offers a pro version that includes security features like password protecting your documents. It just integrated with the Google Apps Marketplace, so Apps users can import their annotated documents into their Google library.

III. Real World Applications

III.1 Demonstration of Educational Value

Crocodoc is a very useful educational tool.  Crocodoc's most functional use in the classroom would be as a peer editing aid for papers and PowerPoint presentations. Instead of having to rely on e-mail, which can create unclear revisions and be unreliable by means of non-compatible software, Crocodoc provides an easy and convenient way for students to upload their paper online, and send the URL to their teacher and classmates to edit at will and with ease.

There are many functions Crocodoc provides which students can utilize while editing their own, or their peers’ documents. Students can highlight or strikeout text, add text, draw on the document, or add sticky note comments. The sticky note option in Crocodoc could be useful for writing suggestions in the margins of a document while still giving the document's creator the final creative control.

Many teachers today require students papers to be edited by their peers and occasionally the teacher themselves before they are allowed to work on the final draft. This usually results in a day lost to students learning as class time is devoted to sharing their papers, while the teacher is laden with the task of staying after school late or coming in early to revise students papers.  Crocodoc would allow the students to send their papers to teachers and classmates alike, allowing for potentially more revision done.  Since many people can revise the same file on Crocodoc, the student also wastes less time in the revision process.  All revision they need to make are together, instead of having to open an e-mail, revise, and open another e-mail and continue revising until all revisions the various people made are finalized.

Teachers could also benefit from Crocodoc in more ways than just allowing them to edit papers from home.  If a department in the school, for example, was attempting to create a message informing parents of their children’s work or an upcoming event, the information could be created, uploaded, and revised by the entire department more easily.  

Crocodoc would also be very beneficial to college students.  Getting a paper edited in college by peers or professors is much more difficult due to extremely varying schedules and professors’ office hours.  By using Crocodoc, students could send the URL of their paper to their class, friends, parents, professors, past teachers, and whomever else they wish to revise their paper by simply uploading it online.

The ability to share documents with anyone with Internet is another great tool Crocodoc has that makes it a useful tool in education. Teachers can use Crocodoc in their individual departments to on lesson plans, educational articles, and presentations. For students, Crocodoc allows students to collaborate on group projects. It is simple to go back and forth on a document adding notes, text suggestions, highlight, and strikeout.

Since Crocdoc can upload many different types of files, many free e-books which can be viewed as PDF files, can be uploaded into Crocodoc.  The teacher simply needs to share the URL with their students and they can then interact with the text (add notes, highlight important sections, etc.) while outside of the classroom.

Crocodoc could also be an aid for students who missed a day of school.  The teacher could upload worksheets or PowerPoint presentations and the URL to the student.  The student can then read through the slides and use the sticky note application to ask questions or highlight areas they don’t quite understand.

III.2 Educational Lesson Plans




III. 3 Business and Industry Uses

Crocodoc could be used in a business or industry setting in a similar matter as it would be used in a school.  Notes from a meeting could be posted online and edited before sending them off to a fellow company for example.  Colleagues could also use this technology to better collaborate on a final briefing for their boss or other workers, so more people in that area have a direct say on the project.  They could also use Crocodoc to collaborate on projects with their workers in different parts of the country or world.

V. How Crocodoc is used Internationally?

Crocodoc is a very useful tool when dealing with international co-workers and students. Communication with international colleagues can be every difficult considering the different time zones in which they live and work. With Crocodoc it is possible to post comments and make revisions on material at time convenient to one party, and can be read by the international team at a time convenient to them as well, making Crocodoc a very useful tool for teams working overseas to revise the same document.

VI. References


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