TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design. It is a private nonprofit organization committed to bringing technology, entertainment and design together while spreading ideas to the world.13 In 1984, Richard Saul Wurman created TED.13 The application is now owned by The Sapling Foundation, a private nonprofit foundation that was founded in 1996 by Chris Anderson.
TED's mission is spreading ideas to others which means the creators of the application believe powerful and passionate ideas can change the world.13 They are creating a community of people to share ideas and engage with each other to create change. TED is very open to comments and ideas from everyone, as opposed to other organizations who are only interested in "higher up" people's opinions.14
TED began as a research conference for people around the world, combining Technology, Entertainment, and Design, but has grown to world-wide viewed videos and world events.13 The first TED included demos of the newly released Macintosh computer and Sony compact disc, while mathematician Benoit Mandelbrot demonstrated how to map coastlines with his newly discovered fractals and AI guru Marvin Minsky outlined his powerful new model of the mind.15 Over the years, TED speakers have included Bill Gates, Frank Gehry, Jane Goodall, Al Gore, Billy Graham, Peter Gabriel, Quincy Jones, and Bono.15 Yet, often the real stars have been the unexpected: Li Lu, a key organizer of the Tiananmen Square student protest, Aimee Mullins, a Paralympic competitor who tried out a new pair of artificial legs onstage, and Jennifer Lin, a 14-year-old pianist whose 6-minute improvisation moved the audience to tears.
TED talks are the video talks that were originally not available on the web for anyone to view. However, after some of the video talks were posted online, the talks themselves became very popular. Now TED video talks are online for everyone to watch and listen to for free. The majority of TED videos are in English, but there are translations available for many of the videos recorded in a different language.15
Viewers can translate either from the original language to their preferred language, or from their preferred language to a language they want to explore. To enhance the viewing option of the videos, TED has an Associate Membership Livestream program.15 When you become a member of the program, you can view any of the TED conferences live from any location around the world. It also gives you access to a "virtual DVD" online archive of all TED videos and speakers.
TED hosts an annual conference in California, and a global conference in the UK where speakers from different organizations, companies, or research projects discuss topics important to technology, entertainment, design, and current events.16
Currently, TED has two new programs. One new program is called TEDx, which is a community based program that allows schools, businesses, and local organizations to create, organize, and host their own TED-like events. The most recent program added to TED is the TED Prize which is an awarded to three individuals whose talent is exceptional. They are awarded $100,000 and are granted “One Wish to Change the World.”16