Table of Contents

I.      #Purpose of Google Lit Trips

II.     #History and Development

III.    #Getting Started with Google Lit Trips

IV.    #Relation to Other Applications

V.     #Unique Uses of Google Lit Trips

VI.    #Incorporating Lit Trips into Lesson Plans

VII.   #Educational Value

VIII.  #International Uses

IX.    Resources

X.     #References

www.googlelittrips.org


Page created by: Lauri Mitchell, Krystal Zimmerman, Joseph Gardner, Matthew Bennett, Jessica Clusserath, Krista Mehl, Emily Norton, Jennifer Wilson, and Stacy Baute
International Partners: Emma Conway, Africa Canizares, and Cathy Costigan   

I. Purpose of Google Lit Trips


In recent years, literary maps have become very popular in classrooms, especially in secondary education English classes. A literary map is defined as "a map showing specific locations associated with certain pieces of literature, such as, the life of an author or the places that are present in a piece of literature." For example, a literary map may show the travels of Edgar Allen Poe throughout his life or the travels of the storytellers in The Canterbery Tales. Literary maps originally started as poster boards and drawings created by teachers or students, but have recently been taken to another level through online programs, such as Google Lit Trips, which uses satellite maps from Google Earth to plot the characters' travels. This gives students a very strong visual aid that allows them to better understand the books they are reading. Google Lit Trips can be especially helpful if students are reading a book that takes place in a foreign country, and it can be a great tool in helping students "interact" with characters from literary works. Unlike previous generations in which most of what students did was on a piece of paper, students now can plot a character's journey on a computer. 8

"Google Lit Trips combines 21st century literacy skills with 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th century literature." 14 Students and teachers have the opportunity to travel with the characters in a particular piece of literature through their adventures and journeys. Also, many of the Lit Trips are accompanied by "essential reading questions, thinking-about-the-story conversation starters, and vocabulary words that are linked to pictures," most of which have been added by website creator, Jerome Burg. 14   

Google Lit Trips allows students to learn history and geography while studying literature. By studying a work such as Homer's, The Odyssey, students can learn many of the major countries and islands of the Mediterranean while learning about Greek mythology simultaneously. Google Lit Trips can be a great source for teachers everywhere to incorporate into their classrooms. 9

 What Is The Goal of Google Lit Trips?

Google lit trips has revolutionized the idea of the literary map. This software allows the readers to follow the journey of a particular book, like in Virgil's Aeneid the reader can follow the story as it leaves the city of Troy and eventually ends in Rome. The reader can find out more information from previously created posts but or they can create their own journey through the literary world, learning more about each particular place in the story and connecting them on google earth so that they can not only see what the particular area looks like but what it may have been like during a given time period such as the ancient world of the Aeneid.

The goal of the website is to integrate lesson plans created by students and teachers, not just by the website creators themselves. Jerome Burg, the website creator, is very open to communicating with people who are willing to create Google Lit Trips. By simply emailing him (or the website), you can find out if someone else is already working on a piece of literature that you are interested in teaching or interested in creating a Lit Trip. It is also possible for information to be provided in order for you to collaborate with someone elsewho is already working on a literature trip. Overall, the site and Burg are very helpful in assisting those who want to incorporate this into their classroom. 2

Nevertheless, it must be noted that Google Lit Trips should be used as a supplement to classroom material and reading assignments rather than a replacement to reading works of literature. The goal of this application is not to provide any plot summaries for the various books or poetry, and creators of Lit Trips are actually encouraged to avoid including them in the Lit Trips. Rather, the website is to be used as a tool to assist students in understanding how older (or current) readings connect with issues in the 21st Century. 4

Google Lit Trips can viewed as a "comfortable transition to technology" for teachers who do not want to stray from classic teaching methods or works of literature. 4



 

Top

II. History and Development


 Creator of Google Lit Trips 

Google Lit Trips was created by Jerome Burg. Burg started this site while teaching at Granada High School, in Livermore, California. He was seeking of a way to get his students get more involved in the travels which took place within the literature discussed in his classroom. 1 After retiring from his career as an English teacher in June 2007, he has focused attention on spreading knowledge of Google Lit Trips and ways to incorporate technology into the classroom. 4 His efforts for Google Lit Trips have been well rewarded, as the Asia Societyhas named Google Lit Trips a co-winner of the 2008 Goldman Sachs Foundation Prize for Excellence in International Education for Media and Technology. He also received the LeRoy Finkel Fellowship from Computer Using Educators, Inc. 3


Jerome Burg

Development of Google Lit Trips

After attending a conference for Google Certified Teachers, Jerome Burg learned about the possibilities available through the Google Earth program. He developed the idea to use it as a classroom resource to help his student's understanding of the geographical relationships in Voltaire's Candide in late 2006 and early 2007, but he did not publicize the application at the time. However, after Google Lit Trips was featured on a renowned educational blogging site on March 8, 2007. It quickly gained popularity, and took off as many different users added information and created Lit Trips of their own. Jerome Burg explained that Google Lit Trips was truly created "through the power of the Internet." 4

How Did It Get Its Name?

In a creative effort to utilize the main focus of this application, Jerome Burg came up with the website title, Google Lit Trips, which contains "lit," to show the importance of literature in the application. However, its double meaning is found in the answer to the question, "How can you find out more information about a particular work of literature?" You "Google-it," which, when said quickly, has the same sound as "Google Lit." 4

General Information

Google Lit Trips is conducted through Google Earth. "Google Earth allows the addition of place markers to indicate locations along the route and to include such enhancements as appropriate images, relevant website links, and thought provoking discussion starters." 7 Google Lit Trips uses Google Earth to take students on virtual literature tours.  Tours are focused on individual books, such asThe Kite Runner and The Odyssey.  The viewer can download pre-made maps and even create their own Lit Trip using Google Earth.  This can be done in three easy steps: 

(1) Adding a few points on your Google map,

(2) Connecting the points using lines and/or arrows, and

(3) Going on a virtual tour of the Earth.

Google Lit Trips, although new on the educational stage, has already been highly praised and is being used by many teachers to help their students better understand literature. As a non-profit website, Google Lit Trips depends on the voluntary efforts of users to create, view, and leave feedback on various resources of the application. 4

Top

III. Getting Started with Google Lit Trips


The great aspect of Google Lit Trips is that it is very easy to get started, and the program is FREE! To begin the process, the user must first download Google Earth. Without downloading this program, the Google Lit Trip will not work correctly. 3

Download Google Earth

After Google Earth is downloaded, the user will then be able to access the website and view any Lit Trip they may want to incorporate into their desired classroom. To use a Lit Trip for a certain grade level, click on the age group section at the top of the Google Lit Trips homepage. There will be a list of all those available for that specific age group. After selecting a Lit Trip on that page, you can download it by clicking on the tabbed section near the top of the page and open it as a KMZ file in Google Earth. Now you can begin your trip!

You can bypass the process by clicking on the shortcuts below to each age group on the Google Lit Trips website.

K-5 Link


6-8 Link
9-12 Link
Hi-Ed Link

Creating a Lit Trip

It is fairly simple to move further in exploring this application and actually create a Lit Trip rather than using one created by another user. It has many different capabilities, and it allows for the creator to incorporate any locations, graphics, videos, or other information that they feel is most significant and necessary for the user. If a Lit Trip has already been created for a particular work of literature, it is possible to create a different version that may include different links or information, such as mock journal articles by the characters in the story. Moreover, your work can be submitted to Jerome Burg of Google Lit Trips, and he can provide further advice to better your program. You can save the files as KMZ files directly to the computer. These are functional files because of their small size: they do not take up much space because they contain links to information or videos, rather than containing the actual clips or images in the file. Since they are small, they can easily be sent as attachments in emails. Additional tips can be viewed through a link found in the tutorial shown above. 4

It is advised that Lit Trips are not created with only the most basic resources of Google Earth, especially if an individual is planning on submitting it for inclusion on the website. Rather than creating the program to appear as a flat, two-dimensional map, various different features can be applied. These include tilting, zooming, or rotating with Google Earth so the Lit Trip feels more realistic, as if the viewer were a passenger on the trip, riding in the backseat of the Joad's car in Grapes of Wrath or from the view of a cattle car as the victims in Night would have experienced.4 Using these different tools for a three-dimensional effect, the program can essentially serve the same function as an actual tour of a foreign city, which could be very beneficial in a foreign language classroom.

Also, new programs provided by Google Earth allow for Lit Trips to be created in locations not previously available. These include Sky, Ocean, and Mars, which can apply to many other works of literature.4

For a step-by-step guide for building a lit trip, CLICK HERE.
For several other guides to help with creating and viewing Google Lit Trips, CLICK HERE.

Top

IV. Relation to Other Applications


As shown, Google Lit Trips is inoperable by itself. To use Google Lit Trips effectively, the user must have the Google Earth application. This is very similar to using a specific flash player for YouTube. The files that can be downloaded on the Google Lit Trips site are KMZ files, which can only be opened via Google Earth. Google Earth, however, is not the only application used in Google Lit Trips. Another application which has been implemented is Podcast. Podcast is an application in which someone records himself/herself speaking and posts the recording as an audio file that can be listened to and downloaded on an iPod. This feature can be used by teachers creating Lit Trips to comment on the path of the characters or author around which they are creating the Lit Trip. This can be very helpful to students who are auditory learners instead of visual learners. QuickTime is a required application to play podcasts on Google Lit Trips and can be downloaded for free online.3

Download QuickTime

There are similar websites to Google Lit Trips that use some of the same applications. One example is Open Bible at www.openbible.info/geo/. This website does the same thing as Google Lit Trips; however, instead of focusing on classical literature it focuses on the books of the Bible. This can be a very useful tool in both church study groups and Sunday School lessons.5 An interesting feature about Open Bible is that it shows overlays of ancient maps over modern ones, which could also be used in Google Lit Trips on older works of literature such as The Odyssey.

Top

V. Unique Uses of Google Lit Trips


Uses in Non-Literature Courses 

Google Lit Trips can be used in several unique ways. Teachers can use Google Lit Trips to create their own virtual tour of a book. Google Lit Trips is not useful for only English teachers; language and history teachers could also be aided by Google Lit Trips. Spanish teachers may use the program to create maps on classic novels, such as Don Quixote or El Cid. History teachers may use Google Lit Trips to complement the textbook; for example, it may be used to show students the path of Alexander the Great during his conquest of Asia. Google Lit Trips is so diverse that teachers of any subject could find ways to implement it into their lessons.

Exploring Technology and Creation of  Lit Trip

Students can also benefit by using Google Lit Trips. If a student is reading a literary work and is confused about what they are reading, they could be aided by both the podcast and trips on the site. Google Lit Trips could also be used by the students to create their own for a project or demonstration in class. In the end, Google Lit Trips can be used by students and teachers alike to increase their understanding of classic or modern literary works.

Uses Outside of the Classroom 

Even when not used within a classroom setting, Google Lit Trips can be used as a valuable resource: many book clubs and libraries are using the application as well.4 Because of its ability to portray geographical locations in correlation with the plots of books, these groups are finding ways to enhance discussions and programs with the online literary maps. Also, even though Google Lit Trips is primarily a website for educational Lit Trips based on literature, its uses extend to individuals who want to explore the use of Google Earth in a connected "trip." Families or individuals may use the program to map out their ancestry and trace the routes that previous generations took in gradually moving to their present-day location. The map used with this program could correspond with artifacts, photographs, and interviews, and it could potentially be used by companies or organizations whose focus is genealogy.11 Similarly, a company that originated in a foreign country could use Google Earth to follow the expansion of their business in the development of new buildings or headquarters or the outreach of customers. Although these examples would not be featured on the Google Lit Trips website, the application can be used as a valuable tool for creating these files.

Top

VI. Incorporating Lit Trips into Lesson Plans


Google Lit Trips can be used to create lesson plans for all ages. An early education teacher may use the site to help their students learn both geography and literature. The CEO of a large company could use Google Lit Trips to show their employees good business ventures in their area. It may be difficult for CEO's to use Google Lit Trips at their level in business because there are not a lot of books tailored to these particular groups of people. Google Lit Trips can be best implemented in high schools and universities because of the types of books used in these areas. Often when students enter high school, teachers assign books such as Beowulf,The Odyssey,The Canterbery Tales, Don Quixote, and other books where the geographical position of the character is essential to understanding the plot of the book. Overall, Google Lit Trips is a very good teaching aid for anyone, but is very effective in high school and university classrooms.

Elementary Education


The Yellow Balloon by Charlotte Dematons
Google Lit Trip created by 1st grade teacher Michelle Wilkes, Instructional Technology Specialist Diane Barfield, and their students from Okapilco Elementary School in Moultrie, Georgia
1st Grade

Objective

To enforce reading practices and techniques for 1st graders from a technological standpoint by following the yellow balloon across the world.

Learning Environment

An entire classroom of first graders in their normal classroom.  The teacher will be on a computer projecting the project onto an overhead.   

Description of Students

Students are approximately six to seven years old.  They are mainstream learners. 

Standards

Standard 3: READING: Literary Response and Analysis Response to grade-level-appropriate literature includes identifying story elements such as character, theme, plot, and setting, and making connections and comparisons across texts. Literary response enhances students' understanding of history, culture, and the social sciences.

Materials

Computer
Google Earth
Google Lit Trip Application
The Yellow Balloon by Charlotte Dematons

Procedure

1. Students will finish reading the story The Yellow Balloon by Charlotte.
2. Student will watch as the teacher traces the path of the yellow balloon.
3. Students will answer question on a worksheet based on the information presented in the Google Lit Trip.

Evaluation

Students will be graded on their correct completion of the worksheet and behavior exhibited during the procedure.

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Yellow Balloon

Seaman: The Dog Who Explored the West with Lewis and Clark by Gail Langer Karwoski (4th Grade)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: Seaman

Hair by Oxfam (3rd Grade)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: Hair

Secondary Education


The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
Google Lit Trip created by Jerome Burg
11th Grade U.S. History-Secondary Education

Objective

At completion of this lesson students will have a better understanding of the effects on the everyday lives of people during the Great Depression during the 1930's by reading a story acknowledging social, business, and personal struggles from that time period.

Learning Environment

Each student will be learning on their own at an individual computer, with help from the teacher when needed.

Description of Students

Students are high school juniors with basic knowledge of American history and history of the depression from present class and previous history classes. Students will also already be familiar with the novel prior to activity.

Standards

Standard 4: Modern United States in Prosperity and Depression: 1920s to 1939. Students will examine the political, economic, social and cultural development of the United States during the period from 1920 to 1939.

Materials

Computer
Google Earth
Google Lit Trip Application
The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
Worksheet

Procedure

1. Students will finish reading the novel The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck and reviewing state standards on the Great Depression.
2. Each student will be assigned an individual computer. (If there are not a sufficient amount of computers, students can pair up)
3. Pass out corresponding worksheet with simple questions about the novel and other information that is presented in Google Lit Trips activity.
4. Students log into Google Earth and open The Grapes of Wrath on Google Lit Trips.
5. Read through the information while answering the questions on the worksheet.

Evaluation

Students will be graded on their correct completion of the worksheet and behavior exhibited during the procedure.

Download: PDF Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Grapes of Wrath

World Literature
Homer's Odyssey
Google Lit Trip
10th Grade Intro to Great Works

Overview

As the students work through Homer's Odyssey they will be able to follow the journey using google lit trips. Learning about the area where the sailors went and the history behind each landing.

Objective

Students will be able to effectively research an area, map points in a story, and transfer that to an electronic map.

Learning Environment

Students will work on this project in small groups to identify things about the story and important stops along the way

Materials

~Computer with internet access and availability of Google earth

~Google lit trips, with demo in class PowerPoint slide show

~Homer's Odyssey

Procedure

As students read through the adventures of the Odyssey they will map along the route which Odysseus and his sailors take. The will look up information on the Mythology as well as the historical places where they most likely would have landed. As they research these areas they will take turns leading/participating in discussion about what the sailors encountered and what that area may have actually been like and what it currently is like

Evaluation

Students will be graded based on participation in classroom discussion, their work on google lit trips, as well as a test at the end of the book utilizing a blank map of the area that the students can plot the adventure as well as describe many of the sites present state as well as mythology.

 Download: PDF Word 2003

El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de La Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes (11th grade Spanish)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

The New York Times International Cookbook  by Craig Claiborne (middle school or high school home economics)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Post-Secondary Education


The Hyakunin Isshu by 100 Various Poets
Google Lit Trip created by Hetty Litjens
Japanese Culture- Post- secondary Education

Objective

By the end of this lesson students will be able to have a better understanding of the poems in The Hyakunin Isshu, by analyzing the people, nature, language, and culture of Japan. These aspects from the book could be applied to previous lessons from class.

Learning Environment

Each student will be learning on their own, at an individual computer, out of class.

Description of Students

Students are attending college and currently in a class studying Japanese culture, arts, and/or literature. Students will have read the novel The Hyakunin Isshu previous to this activity.

Standards

Depending on standards put in place by the sociology department at each individual college.

Materials

Computer
Google Earth
Google Lit Trip Application
The Hyakunin Isshu by 100 Various Poets

Procedure

1. Students will finish reading the book The Hyakunin Isshu as assigned by their professor.
2. Students will be expected to go through the Google Lit Trip application on The Hyakunin Isshu.
3. Students will read through all available information on Google Lit Trips to get a better understanding of the poems and cultural aspects.
4. Students will be expected to write and analyze the poems based on information learned in class and from the activity on Google Lit Trips.

Evaluation

Students will be graded on the content of their written papers.

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Hyakunin Isshu

The Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mary Rowlandson by Mary Rowlandson (college history)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: Mary Rowlandson

The Road by Cormac McCarthy (college sociology)

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Road

Other Organizations


Bible- Chapter: Matthew
Google Lit Trip created by Jerome Burg
Religion Classes or Sunday School

Objective

To show people the path of Jesus' life based off of the book of Matthew

Learning Environment

Bible Class: Normal classroom, probably a private school, for all ages
Sunday School:Group of students, most likely middle school age and higher, on a Sunday morning in a church setting

Description of Students

Students can be of any age group. The student's description and previous knowledge will depend on the type of classroom.

Standards

There is no standard for this GoogleLit Trip.

Materials

Computer
Google Earth
Google Lit Trip Application
Bible

Procedure

1. Students will finish reading the book of Matthew in the Bible. 
2. Student will watch as the teacher traces the path and life of Jesus
3. Students will answer question on a worksheet based on the information presented in the Google Lit Trip.

Evaluation

Students will be graded on their correct completion of the worksheet and behavior exhibited during the procedure.

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Book of Matthew

The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: The Kite Runner

Night by Elie Wiesel

Download: PDF  Word 2003

Google Lit Trip: Night

Top

VII. Educational Value


Google Lit Trips is finding its way into classrooms and learning environments everywhere. It has been used from primary education to the workplace and even in GED classes. It can be advantageous for adults because many adults often learn better if they can actually see what is happening and put a picture or place with what they are studying. Google Lit Trips is also becoming almost as instrumental in the history classroom as it has been in the English class. Not only is it being used to show the path of characters and authors, but it is also being used by history teachers to study ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Rome, Greece, and Persia. The use Google Lit Trips appears to be on the rise, and there are already several renowned works of literature that have been transformed into Lit Trips.  A few of these works include Night by Elie Wiesel, My Brother Sam is Dead by James Lincoln Collier,By The Great Horn Spoon by Sid Fleishman, andThe Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck.

One of the most valuable aspects of the Google Lit Trips application is the concept that teachers or students can create Lit Trips on their own, and they do not have to be of the same quality as those featured on the Google Lit Trips website. After their creation, the Lit Trips can be saved on a computer as KMZ file and used in the classroom. 4

Google Lit Trips may be a valuable resource for students in non-traditional schooling, such as those who are home-schooled, who may not have access to some of the other resources or technology offered by public schools. Lit Trips can help these students expand on their understanding of literature using technology that is fairly accessible. 10

Expanding on the Traditional Use 

Also, a teacher can use Google Lit Trips on a wider scale, especially if there is not much travel or movement in one particular work of literature. This program could be used over the course of an entire year so students can see the location of one story in terms of both their personal locations and in terms of characters' locations in books they have previously read within the classroom. 9 Developed over time, this larger map with various destinations can assist students in understanding the scope of geographic knowledge they have acquired.

Overcoming Disadvantage

Ruby Payne, an American teacher and lecturer on generational poverty discusses the impact of poverty on the ability of children to learn. 13

Children living in areas of poverty have fewer experiences than those living in middle class and affluent areas. The lack of money in the family and school environment mean the children are limited in their first-hand experiences.13 One of the many consequences of this is the impact on the child's ability to get meaning from the books they read. While not being able to replace real experiences, Google Lit Trips has the potential to allow children to experience situations and environments outside their own while engaging in the literature as it maps out the character's journey. The combination of stories and visual representation through Google Earth presents children with a fuller picture of the world around them and a better understanding of the relevance to the book and its message. 

Top

VIII. International Uses


Google Lit Trips as a Tool For Understanding Different Cultures

Google Earth 4.3 is available in 24 different languages, which makes it possible for individuals around the world to create and submit Lit Trips in their own languages.6

Much of the praise that Google Lit Trips has been receiving is due to its exploration of many different cultures. Its purpose is to help students or users of the application from all over the world to better understand the literature and customs of other nations. Some examples already exist: the Lit Trip forOs Lusíadas is written entirely in Portuguese; Underground to Canada is a popular work of literature in Canada, and Possum Magicexplores Australian culture. It is hoped that others will appear in the future.4

In the teaching of immigrants or non-English speaking Australians, Google Lit Trips has the potential to assist students overcoming the barriers presented by trying to relate to a new culture. Teachers attempting to deliver English lessons based on Australian culture, or geography, while appearing to 'kill two birds with one stone' have the potential to lose students in the cultural references. By choosing literacy that is based in the students original countries or regions, students have the potential of being more comfortable with the story's location and they are able to focus on the reading. Adding Google Lit Trips to a classroom presents another tool for the teacher to use to engage students in the function of language. Discussing translations, similarities between previous homes, and features of Australia could also begin to break down cultural barriers and allow students to relate more closely with their new environment. In this environment, students built Lit Trips based on Australian literature that have the potential to assist new Australians in building a picture of where they are at in the world. By researching Australian culture, icons, and significant features a myriad of subjects can be incorporated into the Lit Trip so as to take full advantage of the application's potential.

Uses in Distance Learning

Distance Learning involves connecting students who are separated by vast distances. Ross Mason, Head of Online teaching and Learning for the School of Isolated and Distance Education in Western Australia, believes the use of Web 2.0 applications, such as Google Lit Trips, is an appropriate method of connecting and engaging students through the Web, and it is a way to engage students in remote communities with the world outside their immediate location. By using Lit Trips, teachers can introduce new geographical locations and features to students in a way that keeps them engaged and motivated. Ross suggested that the use of an application such as Google Lit Trips would not be written into a syllabus or curriculum but rather would be introduced to teachers through information and resource sharing sites such as EDNA at http://www.edna.edu.au/. User groups such as EDNA provide a space for peer review of new applications and resources and facilitate the spread of knowledge throughout the educational community. 12

Example of Google Lit Trips in Understanding Australian Culture

Google Lit Trips can be used by different cultures to highlight differences or similarities through the use of stories. A Lit Trip already in existence based on the book Possum Magic by Mem Fox explains different cultural icons of Australia as the story travels around the country. This principle could be used by teachers and students in other countries to highlight or explain significant cultural icons, landmarks or features of the US or any other country where an appropriate story of travel exists. 3

Top

IX. Resources


Lesson plans page

Powerpoint

Brochure

Business card

Sticker design


 

 

 

 

If you have any questions or you would like to discuss the educational opportunities associated with lit trips, join our forum: www.googlelittrips.forumotion.com

X. References


Top

  1. Boss, Suzie. Google Lit Trips: Bringing Travel Tales To Life. (2008, June 12). Edutopia. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.edutopia.org/google-lit-trips-virtual-literature.
  2. Burg, Jerome. FAQS. (2008, March 20). Google Lit Trips. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://web.mac.com/jburg/GoogleLit/FAQs.html.
  3. Burg, Jerome. Home. (2008, March 20). Google Lit Trips. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.googlelittrips.org.
  4. Burg, Jerome. (2009, April 10). Telephone Interview.
  5. Complete Bible. (2001). Bible Geocoding. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.openbible.info/geo/.
  6. Google Earth User Guide. (2009, March 20) Google Earth. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://earth.google.com/userguide/v4/.
  7. Google Lit Trips. (2009, January 14).  International Society for Technology in Education. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.iste.org/Content/NavigationMenu/ProfessionalDevelopment/WebinarSeries/20082009Webinars/Google_LitTrips.htm.
  8.  Google Lit Trips: Literary Maps Meet 21st Century Literacy Skills. (2008, July 1). National Council of Teachers of English Inbox. Retrieved March 26, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://ncteinbox.blogspot.com/2008/07/google-lit-trips-literary-maps-meet.html.
  9. Hurt, Kevin. Google Lit Trips. (2008, May 22). Ed-u-ma-ca-tion. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://thehurt.wordpress.com/2008/05/22/google-lit-trips/.
  10. Keith, DIane Flynn. Google Literature Trips. (2009). Homeschool Buyers Co-op. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://www.homeschoolbuyersco-op.org/free-curriculum-details/details-1041.html.
  11. Legutki, Gregg. Google Earth Virtual Voyages, Virtual Field Trips: Resources. (2007, July 9). RIMS California Technology Assistance Project, Region 10. Retrieved March 25, 2009 from the World Wide Web: http://ctap10.org/gfeportal.
  12. Mason, Ross. (2009, April 3). Personal Interview.
  13. Payne, Ruby K. (2003). Framework For Understanding Poverty. (3rd ed.). United States: aha! Process.
  14. Wood, Joe. Google Lit Trips @ ILC 2008. (2008, October 16). Joe Wood Online. Retrieved April 5, 2009 from the World Wide Web:  http://www.joewoodonline.com/google-lit-trips-ilc.